30, July 1, 1998: ASouthern Sudan: Food Aid Diverted.@. Just how much of the shock they can absorb never seems to get very clear. This entry is from Wikipedia, the leading user-contributed encyclopedia. Lettris is a curious tetris-clone game where all the bricks have the same square shape but different content. The diplomacy reaches a climax in early May with a visit to the region by the Secretary-General of the United Nations. Aid mostly had to reach Bahr al-Ghazal by air. . In 1998 the US – always the main source of food aid – held back from any large donation until the end of April.

At the same time, the increased presence of SPLA troops in Bahr al-Ghazal meant heavier taxation of food from villagers there. I’ve taken part in so many conversations about this looming tragedy, expended so much emotion about it- horror, fear, hope, guilt. [6] After numerous extensions, this ceasefire lasted nearly a year, until April 1999. International aid agencies sprinkled relief, but on a much smaller scale than was to be the case in the post-war years. 76 WFP, Press Release, AWFP seeks to expand food aid cooperation in Sudan,@ Nairobi, June 11, 1998. [1] The worst affected area was Bahr El Ghazal in southwestern Sudan. An apparent breakthrough on humanitarian access is achieved. These places became “˜relief magnets’: their reputation for food distributions attracted the needy, the needy attracted more relief and more aid agency workers, and the quantities of all three spiraled upwards. Northern Ugandan roads were mined by the Lord=s Resistance Army (LRA)71 and by the West Nile Bank Front, both Sudan-government supported Ugandan rebel groups. USAID observed, ALast month [May] only 3,860 MT was delivered to all of southern Sudan. But road and barge are mainly useful for transporting supplies to the major centres. Hundreds of thousands of people have been forced to flee their homes; many are urban-dwellers, displaced into already-impoverished rural areas and overcrowded relief centres. As in 1998 the agencies hope to reduce the clustering of desperate populations by arranging quick singular relief distributions in remote areas. [2] But conviction about these matters is not a purely rational process: it is bound up with political commitments and ideas engrained in organizational thinking about what is realistic and what is not. 75 AFull@ rations (assuming no other source of food is available) are defined as 1,900 kilocalories per day by WFP, 2,100 by MSF, and 2,400 by the ICRC. AThis represents 22 percent of the projected monthly requirement for the region. Although there are remarkable parallels and echoes between the early stages of the 1998 and (prospective) 2014 famines, the differences are important. But meantime tens of thousands of people had died from hunger-related causes. Why did Somaliland just suspend cooperation with the UN? But little of this can be done yet, as they still lack enough money – or solid promises of future money – to justify the investment. The side-effects of the humanitarian imperative understandably create doubts about the whole enterprise in both donor and recipient countries. [2], The famine was caused almost entirely by human rights abuse and the war in Southern Sudan. The WFP conceded that from April 1-20, it distributed a total of 1,335 MT of food aid to OLS (Southern Sector) beneficiaries, of which 808 MT went to the 240,000 beneficiaries in Bahr El Ghazal. Compared with the war years, the road network provides a more realistic option for transporting relief, but it is nevertheless highly treacherous in the rainy season even on major routes. Early responses to the 1998 ConsolidatedInter-agency Appeal for Sudan (issued in February 1998, before the extent ofthe famine was known) were also disappointing but by May 1998 donor support hadgrown considerably, [111]while continued adequate funding still remains a serious concern. ○   Lettris Get the free edition of our exclusive look at this week’s most important developments on the continent. The existence of the relief operation increases the pressure on the international community to ensure that the SPLM-IO is treated as a legitimate party in the talks, and it is hostage (in some sense at least) to war criminals who may feel under threat. I remember the 1998 famine well as, though then living in the UK, I have a strong interest in South Sudanese affairs. Worse is likely to come as their numbers swell. 71 See Human Rights Watch/Africa and Human Rights Watch Children=s Rights Project, The Scars of Death: Children Abducted by the Lord=s Resistance Army in Uganda (New York: Human Rights Watch, September 1997). A windows (pop-into) of information (full-content of Sensagent) triggered by double-clicking any word on your webpage. The question of the ceasefire was closely linked with the growing problem of humanitarian access. The success of relief distributions, especially in remote areas, will be sensitive to the attitudes of local leaders and military units. In 1998 there was a civil war happening in Sudan. Michael Medley is editor of SouthSudanCivics.info. There was almost no infusion of government salaries into the rural areas through soldiers, teachers and other civil servants. The territory is huge, roads are dreadful and the rainy season will make many impassible. Repeated requests in 1998 for a visa from the government of Sudan …

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    1998 famine in sudan

     |  Ro, Cookies help us deliver our services. APPENDIX D: OLS GEARED UP AND GOVERNMENT PERMITTED ADDITIONAL AIRCRAFT IN 1998 FAMINE, In the month of April 1998, after the flight ban was lifted, the WFP announced that southern Sudan required 6,000 MT of relief food, at least two-thirds of that (4,000 MT) for 350,000 of the worst affected in Bahr El Ghazal. 63 WFP, Emergency Report No. Those assisted in prior months had received less than full rations, and far less than they needed.74 Under WFP guidelines, a full ration per person per day is approximately 0.4 kilograms in weight, and thirty days= full ration for one person is about twelve kilograms.75 The June WFP monthly delivery target was 9,600 MT;76 this would require a jump in capacity. But the most important shock was a mass displacement event. [5] The SPLA are blamed for their maintenance of slavery and pilfering of aid. A ceasefire was signed on July 15, 1998, some eight months after the Sudanese government had first warned of a possible famine. One of the causes for the famine was that one of the militia groups destroyed local agriculture in an attempt to take over the city of Wau. The mind’s eye should have followed more intently all the people who had left their homes. The effects on the region were massive, with the excess mortality estimated at about 70 000 people. They realize that the recent fighting will have disrupted many people’s livelihoods, but also know that people have various ways of coping with adversity which can absorb some of the shock. Many of those who died in 1998 were people who lacked the right family or clan relationships within the informal distribution systems. 66 OLS, Press Release, AUN Granted Permission to Fly Four Additional Aircraft. @MSF, Nutrition Guidelines, p. 24. Letters must be adjacent and longer words score better. 72 "Relief Envoy Ambushed Outside Sudan,@ AANA, Koboko, Uganda, October 26, 1998: an NPA relief convoy returning from Sudan after having delivered relief supplies was ambushed inside Uganda two kilometers from Koboko on October 15. They had been fighting for about 15 years. Then there are the questions of whether the field agencies will really be able to reach the needy people. It created centres of acute suffering from where journalists could conveniently file shocking reports, belatedly pumping up public pressure for more donor funding. International Office of Jesuit Refugee Service, JRS Dispatches No. The donors have supplied less than half of what the field agencies requested for the first six months of the year. The U.N. Consolidated Appeal for 1999 summed it up: During 1998, OLS mounted the most complex set of interventions in its ten-year history. And how strange the repetitions, determined though they are by similar and predictable pressures. The vast majority of relief for greater Bahr al-Ghazal had to be transported by air. A second factor was military. Faced with this threat, GOS in early 1998 was seeking international support for a ceasefire in southern Sudan. Looking back from 2014 it might seem surprising that famine was not a continual state of affairs in the mid-1990s. Displaced South Sudanese during the famine in 1998 (UN photo library).

    30, July 1, 1998: ASouthern Sudan: Food Aid Diverted.@. Just how much of the shock they can absorb never seems to get very clear. This entry is from Wikipedia, the leading user-contributed encyclopedia. Lettris is a curious tetris-clone game where all the bricks have the same square shape but different content. The diplomacy reaches a climax in early May with a visit to the region by the Secretary-General of the United Nations. Aid mostly had to reach Bahr al-Ghazal by air. . In 1998 the US – always the main source of food aid – held back from any large donation until the end of April.

    At the same time, the increased presence of SPLA troops in Bahr al-Ghazal meant heavier taxation of food from villagers there. I’ve taken part in so many conversations about this looming tragedy, expended so much emotion about it- horror, fear, hope, guilt. [6] After numerous extensions, this ceasefire lasted nearly a year, until April 1999. International aid agencies sprinkled relief, but on a much smaller scale than was to be the case in the post-war years. 76 WFP, Press Release, AWFP seeks to expand food aid cooperation in Sudan,@ Nairobi, June 11, 1998. [1] The worst affected area was Bahr El Ghazal in southwestern Sudan. An apparent breakthrough on humanitarian access is achieved. These places became “˜relief magnets’: their reputation for food distributions attracted the needy, the needy attracted more relief and more aid agency workers, and the quantities of all three spiraled upwards. Northern Ugandan roads were mined by the Lord=s Resistance Army (LRA)71 and by the West Nile Bank Front, both Sudan-government supported Ugandan rebel groups. USAID observed, ALast month [May] only 3,860 MT was delivered to all of southern Sudan. But road and barge are mainly useful for transporting supplies to the major centres. Hundreds of thousands of people have been forced to flee their homes; many are urban-dwellers, displaced into already-impoverished rural areas and overcrowded relief centres. As in 1998 the agencies hope to reduce the clustering of desperate populations by arranging quick singular relief distributions in remote areas. [2] But conviction about these matters is not a purely rational process: it is bound up with political commitments and ideas engrained in organizational thinking about what is realistic and what is not. 75 AFull@ rations (assuming no other source of food is available) are defined as 1,900 kilocalories per day by WFP, 2,100 by MSF, and 2,400 by the ICRC. AThis represents 22 percent of the projected monthly requirement for the region. Although there are remarkable parallels and echoes between the early stages of the 1998 and (prospective) 2014 famines, the differences are important. But meantime tens of thousands of people had died from hunger-related causes. Why did Somaliland just suspend cooperation with the UN? But little of this can be done yet, as they still lack enough money – or solid promises of future money – to justify the investment. The side-effects of the humanitarian imperative understandably create doubts about the whole enterprise in both donor and recipient countries. [2], The famine was caused almost entirely by human rights abuse and the war in Southern Sudan. The WFP conceded that from April 1-20, it distributed a total of 1,335 MT of food aid to OLS (Southern Sector) beneficiaries, of which 808 MT went to the 240,000 beneficiaries in Bahr El Ghazal. Compared with the war years, the road network provides a more realistic option for transporting relief, but it is nevertheless highly treacherous in the rainy season even on major routes. Early responses to the 1998 ConsolidatedInter-agency Appeal for Sudan (issued in February 1998, before the extent ofthe famine was known) were also disappointing but by May 1998 donor support hadgrown considerably, [111]while continued adequate funding still remains a serious concern. ○   Lettris Get the free edition of our exclusive look at this week’s most important developments on the continent. The existence of the relief operation increases the pressure on the international community to ensure that the SPLM-IO is treated as a legitimate party in the talks, and it is hostage (in some sense at least) to war criminals who may feel under threat. I remember the 1998 famine well as, though then living in the UK, I have a strong interest in South Sudanese affairs. Worse is likely to come as their numbers swell. 71 See Human Rights Watch/Africa and Human Rights Watch Children=s Rights Project, The Scars of Death: Children Abducted by the Lord=s Resistance Army in Uganda (New York: Human Rights Watch, September 1997). A windows (pop-into) of information (full-content of Sensagent) triggered by double-clicking any word on your webpage. The question of the ceasefire was closely linked with the growing problem of humanitarian access. The success of relief distributions, especially in remote areas, will be sensitive to the attitudes of local leaders and military units. In 1998 there was a civil war happening in Sudan. Michael Medley is editor of SouthSudanCivics.info. There was almost no infusion of government salaries into the rural areas through soldiers, teachers and other civil servants. The territory is huge, roads are dreadful and the rainy season will make many impassible. Repeated requests in 1998 for a visa from the government of Sudan …

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